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   Conferences / The Twelfth General Conference:Islam and Mutations of the Epoch

Proceeding from the responsibility of the Arab Republic
of Egypt hosting Al- Azhar-ul-Sharif towards her sisters
from the Islamic world Egypt has taken upon itself to hold
the annual conference of the Supreme Council for Islamic
Affairs in order to gather Muslims for a common stand to
be able to achieve the common objectives beneficial to
Islam and Muslims. Hence the current invitation of the
Ministry of Al- Awqaf (Endowments) of the Arab Republic
of Egypt to hold its 12th General Conference of the Supreme
Council for Islamic Affairs under the heading Islam and
Mutations of the Epoch, held in Cairo from 8-11 Rabie Al-
Awwal 1421 H (11-14 June, 2000) under the sponsorship of
H.E. Mohamed Hosny Mubarak, President of the A.R.E.
The Honorary Chairmanship went to his Eminence Dr.
Mohamed Sayed Tantawy, the Grand Sheikh of Al-Azhar.
The proper Conference was chaired by Dr. Mahmoud
Hamdy Zakzouk, Minister of Al-Awqaf, and current
Chairman of the Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs.
The representatives of the following States and Islamic
organizations and bodies also attended:
First: Arab States
1. Hashimite Kingdom of Jordan
2. United Arab of Emirate
3. Bahrein
4. Tunisia
5. Algeria
6. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
7. Sudan
8. Syria
9! Sultanate of Oman
10. Palestine
11. Qatar
12. Kuwait
13. Lebanon
14. Lybian Jamahiria
15 Egypt
16. Yemen
Second: African States
1. Ethiopia
2. Eritrea
3. Uganda
4. Chad
5. Tanzania
6. Zimbabwe
7. Guinea
8. D. R. Congo
9. Kenya
10. Niger
11. Nigeria
Third: Asian States
1. Indonesia
2. Uzbekistan
3. Iran
4. Pakistan
5. Sri Lanka
6. China
7. Malaysia
8. Maldives
9. India
Fourth: European States
1. Spain
2. Sweden
3. Albania
4. Germany
5. Austria
6. England
7. Italy
8. Belgium
9. Bulgaria
10. Turkey
11. Switzerland
12. France
13. Kosovo
14. Holland
15. Greece
Fifth: American States
1. Brazil
2. U.S.A.
Sixth: International Islamic Organization and bodies
- Organization of Islamic Conference.
- World Islamic Council for Dawa and Relief
- World Muslim League
- League of Arab States
- Islamic Organization for Medical Science
- Islamic Universities League
At the beginning of the Inaugural Session, and on behalf of
H.E. Mohamed Hosny Mubarak President of A.R.E. Dr.
Mahmoud Hamdy Zakzouk. Minister of Al-Awqaf and Current
Chairman of the Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs, read a
message to the Conference. The following speakers at the
inaugural session took the floor:
- Dr. Mohamed Sayed Tantawy, Grand Sheikh of Al-Azhar.
- His Eminence Pope Shenouda III. Pope of Alexandria and
Patriarch of The Church of Saint Marc.
- Dr. Esmat Abdel Mageed, Secretary General of the League
of Arab States.
- Dr. Moufid Shehab, Egyptian Minister of Higher Education
and Scientific Research.
- Dr. Mahmoud Hamdy Zakzouk, Minister of Al-Awqaf and
Chairman of the Conference.
- Dr. Abdel Sabour Marzouk, General Rapporteur of the
On behalf of the Delegations. Dr. Abdel Aziz Al Tweigry.
General Director of ISESCO also took the floor.
The Conference decided to endorse the message of President
Mohamed Hosny Mubarak as an official document of the
Conference for orientation and guidelines.
The Conference then held its sessions where 61 papers were
presented and discussed in Arabic. English and French on:
* First Axis:
Islamic Thought and Mutations of the Epoch.
*Second Axis:
Islam and Technology Implantation.
* Third Axis:
Islam and Mutation of Social Values.
* Fourth Axis:
Cooperation between the Muslim World and Advanced States in
Technological Fields.
The Conference set up a Drafting Committee to draw up its
recommendations under the chairmanship of Dr. Soufy Abu Taleb
and membership of two representatives from the participating
delegations to draw up the draft Recommendations stemming
from conclusions of the discussions.
The Committee issued the following draft Recommendations:
1. Review of Educational curricula at the various stages in such
manner as would reveal the creative capacities of students and
develop them and strive to prepare a generation of youthful
students and researchers able to deal with all the achievements of
the era at informatics, communication and programming levels
and contribute positively to production and innovation.
2. Rooting in of the concept of Islamic values that encourage
progress, such as properly shouldering responsibilities, saving
time, improving performances, and instilling a team spirit in the
interest of coming generations.
3. Enhancement of communication with research and
technology centers abroad in order to pursue close and
uninterrupted contact with Islamic centers throughout the world.
4. Setting up of an overall data base for all bodies and
authorities concerned with scientific research, technology, and
specialized scientists within the countries of the Islamic world,
with a view to devising a proper mechanism for coordination in
the field of research and publishing the findings with respect to
scientific and technological progress.
5. Setting up of a data base containing the names of scientists
and innovators in technological research from Muslims residing
abroad with a view to profiting from their researches and in order
to induce them to share in the activities of the research centers in
the Islamic World.
6. Encouragement of joint research among the scientists of the Islamic
countries to benefit from their conclusions at economic, agricultural,
and industrial levels.
7. Acquirement of advanced technology measuring up to that of
advanced nations. Such a step should be undertaken in a studied and
closely calculated manner that would be by training an appropriate
number of technologically qualified personnel. That should pave the
way for acquiring advanced technology and use it in various fields, and
renew it until the stages of innovation and discovery are reached.
8. Dispatching of an appropriate number of study missions by means
of scholarships, in order to get acquainted with the most advanced
scientific achievements, in addition to setting up a proficient body of
scholars to translate any scientific studies made abroad.
9. The Conference calls on all Islamic States to strive to enhance the
scientific and cultural institutions stemming from the OIC and the
League of Arab States to give additional attention to the issues of
scientific and technological research and provide the countries of the
Islamic world with their conclusions.
10. Islamic and Arab International Organizations and bodies should
set up research groups whose main purpose would be to benefit from
the international agreements that govern world trade such as GATT,
11. Particular attention should be paid to the development of local
technology that serves the environment and that is in keeping with
prevailing Islamic social conditions.
12. Technological research requires massive expenditure which no
single country on its own can afford and which the private sector is
incapable of providing. Therefore, Islamic States are dutybound to
face that issue by apportioning in their budgets amounts that are
consistent with the expenditure expected to carry out the search
13. The Information technology deriving from communication must be
put to good use to spread Islamic cultures, its basing foundation when
facing other cultures, and provide sound arguments against those who
would belittle Islam purposely.
* General recommendations
Proceeding from the unity of the Islamic Ummah and the solidarity of its
sons, and in defense of its civilization in the face of globalization and what
the latter portends in terms of curtailing the sovereignty of Islamic
States, the Conference recommends:
1. Confirming its past recommendations at earlier conferences to the
effect that the most strenuous diplomatic efforts must be exerted to
induce Israel to honor its undertakings and obligations, in particular
as to:
(a) Enabling the Palestinian people to exercise their legitimate
rights, foremost among which are the rights to self-determination, to
establish their independent state with AL QUDS as its Capital, to
allow the Palestinians that were forced to leave their homes to return
and compensating them for all losses incurred, to put an end to new
Israeli settlements, and to cease to alter the geographical features to
occupied Palestinian territory.
(b) To implement the U.N. Security Council Resolutions calling on
Israel to withdraw from the Syrian Golan heights.
2. The Conference hails the efforts of the Lebanese Resistance and
shares the joy of the people of Lebanon at witnessing Israel's
compliance with the resolution of the U.N. Security Council calling
on it to withdraw from South Lebanon and urges the International
bodies to respect the internationally recognized borders of Lebanon.
3. The Conference commends the international efforts that led to
checking the ethnical cleansing of the sons of Kosova and ensured
their return to their homes, and puts on record its satisfaction at the
establishment of an international criminals court for the trial of war
criminals in what was formerly Yugoslavia.
4. The Conference confirms its previous recommendations at earlier
conferences to the effect that the conflict between Pakistan and India
over Kashmir must be settled by peaceful means.
5. The Conference commends the diplomatic effort of Islamic States
designed to ensure for Muslem minorities in other States a
considerable degree of equality between Muslims and those of other
creeds, together with the obligation of implementing the principles of
human rights, and above all freedom to exercise their religious rites,
in addition to preserving their Islamic cultural identity. The
Conference expresses on this occasion its appreciation of the
announcement by the Representatives of Greece that the Greek
government has expressed its intention to establish an Islamic Center
that would include a mosque by the year 2002, in addition to the
Greek Governments approval concerning the teaching of Muslim
philosophy in Greek universities.
6. The Conference reaffirms its recommendations issuing from past
conferences on the importance of implementing OICs resolution on
establishing an Islamic Court of Justice to look into conflicts arising
between Islamic states and settling them through peaceful means in
keeping with the provisions of the Islamic Shari'a, such as the Al
mighty has ordained: Should two parties among believers come into
conflict, hasten to make peace between them.
7. The Conference welcomes the efforts designed to make use of
technology in determining the beginnings of lunar months.

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