THE MOSQUES OF EGYPT
THE EVOLUTION OF MUSLIM ARCHITECTURE IN EGYPT
2.THE TULUNID PERIOD, 254 - 292 H. (868-905 A.D.) Ahmad ibn Tulun founded the Tulunid dynasty in Egypt, in 254 H. (868), after he had spent his youth at Samarra, near the birthplace of the art of the 'Abbasids. Among the monuments which remain from this epoch, is his great mosque, which is the masterpiece of the Tulunid period, on account of its vast area, simple planning, and its chaste and restrained decoration. Although all the motifs employed came from Samarra, and its original minaret was possibly like that of the Mosque of Samarra, yet it took the scheme of its faades and the style of its windows from the Mosque of 'Amr, as it was when rebuilt and enlarged in 212 H. The Tulunids did not rule for a long period, for the 'Abbasids regained their sovereignty over Egypt in 292 H. (905), and soon took revenge by removing all traces of their work in Egypt. The artistic and architectural movement consquently slowed down, and we cannot find any trace of its recovery until the Ikhshids took power from 324 H. (935) down to 358 H. (969).