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   THE MOSQUES OF EGYPT \ 5.THE MAMLUK PERIOD, 648 - 923H. (1250- 1517 A.D.) .

19- THE MOSQUE OF THE AMIR ULMAS 730H.(1330) . THIS MOSQUE is situated in as- Suyufiya Street. It was constructed in 730H. (1330) , the Amir Sayf ad- Din Ulmas, one of the Mamluks of an- Nasir Muhammad ibn Qala'un. He remained in his master's service until he became one of his leading Amirs. The plan of this mosque consists of an open sahn, surrounded by four riwaqs, the largest being the qibla one. All the arches rest on marble columns, and those round the sahn have borders of stucco ornament. In the middle of the qibla wall is a mihrab, lined with coloured marble. The mausoleum is placed in the north- western corner of the mosque; an attractive feature is its small mihrab, with its two beautiful columns and the remains of fine marble tracery. The entrance is in a deep recess in the middle of the main faade, with a horizontal stalactite ceiling, one of the few examples of this treatment. On both sides are two shallow recesses, with beautiful stalactites. There are two more shallow panels in the faade, flanking the main entrance, with two lower and two upper windows. These, and the two windows of the entrance recess, instead of having the usual stucco grilles, are filled with screens of pierced woodwork, a rare feature in Mamluk mosques. The minaret, which is of later date, is placed to the right of the entrance, while the dome is at the left corner. Neither is worthy of notice. Plate 56.

 5.THE MAMLUK PERIOD, 648 - 923H. (1250- 1517 A.D.) .

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