THE MOSQUES OF EGYPT
5.THE MAMLUK PERIOD, 648 - 923H. (1250- 1517 A.D.) .
27- THE MOSQUE AND MADRASA OF YLGAY AL- YUSUFI 774H.(1373) . THIS MOSQUE is in Suq as- Silah, near its southern end. It was built in 774H. (1373) by the Amir Sayf ad- Din Ylgay, senior Amir during the reign of al- Malik al- Ashraf Sha'ban. Its plan resembles that of a cruciform madrasa, for it has a large open sahn, surrounded by four iwans, each having a frontal arch. The remains of gilded decoration on the ceilings of the northern and southern iwans show the beauty and richness with which all four ceilings must once have been decorated. The qibla iwan, unlike those of other mosques, has no marble dado. The minbar, although it has lost its top, may be regarded as one of the finest, both as regards carving and beautiful inlay. The date of construction, 774H., is inscribed over its door. The mausoleum, which stands in the south- western corner of the mosque, is coverd by a lofty stone dome. The main faade is beautiful, both as regards fine proportions and masses. It has two large recesses with stalactites at the top, and two smaller ones, with keel arches. In these recesses are windows in three tiers. The first row of windows have flat lintels and relieving arches, the second are arched, and the third are composed of pairs of arched windows, with a column separating each, and a circular opening above. The entrance stands in a recess at the northern end of the faade, with beautiful stalactites. An inscription, carved on both sides, just above the mastabas, records the name of the founder and his titles, and the date of foundation, 774H. The minaret is placed to the right of the entrance. It has three storeys, of which the first is octagonal, decorated with openings and arched recesses. This storey ends with the first gallery supported on stalactites. The second storey is cylindrical; it ends with the second gallery, also supported on stalactites. The third storey consists of a pavilion on eight marble columns, with a beautiful cap. The dome of the mausoleum at the southern end of the faade is ribbed, the ribs being twisted. Plate 93.