THE MOSQUES OF EGYPT
6.THE OTTOMAN PERIOD, 923 - 1220H. (1517- 1805 A.D.).
48- THE MOSQUE OF SINAN PASHA (AT BULAQ) 979H.(1571) . THIS MOSQUE is situated at Bulaq. It was founded in 979H. (1571) by Sinan Pasha who was governor of Egypt under the Ottoman Empire. He was appointed Governor of Egypt twice, first in 975H. (1568) , and secondly in 979H. (1571). It was during his second governorship that he began the construction of this mosque, in the Ottoman Style. Its plan was therefore different to that of the Mamluk and Turkish mosques of earlier date, such as the Mosque of Sulayman Pasha in the Citadel and the Mosque of al- Mahmudiya. The mosque forms a square, measuring 15 m. a side, covered by a large dome. It is surrounded on the northern, eastern, and southern sides by three iwans, roofed by domes resting on arches, supported by marble columns and stone piers, and forming the faades of the mosque. At the end of the southern iwan stands the minaret, which is cylindrical in form. It has one gallery, and ends with a conical top, as in the case of other Turkish minarets. The dome is built of stone internally and brick externally. It is supported at the corners by large arches with stalactite caps inscribed with the word Allah. The drum is decorated with pierced stucco windows with coloured glass, and round its base is a gallery, with a wooden balustrade. The mihrab is decorated with coloured marble, and next to it is a wooden minbar. The dikka is in the form of a balcony opposite the mihrab and above the western door; it is reached, together with the gallery round the base of the dome, by a staircase in the wall. The drum of the dome is pierced with windows, and between each pair are buttresses with pointed half domical tops. The dome surface is plain and is lined with plaster. As is the rule in the Ottoman mosques of Egypt, the dome is used to cover the mosque proper, instead of simply covering the mausoleum annexed to the mosque, or the part in front of the mihrab, as had been the practice in former times. We shall see later on, that Muhammad Bey Abu adh- Dhahab copied the design of the mosque which he built opposite al- Azhar Mosque, from that of this mosque, with the exception of the minaret. Plate 158.