THE MOSQUES OF EGYPT
6.THE OTTOMAN PERIOD, 923 - 1220H. (1517- 1805 A.D.).
50- THE MOSQUE OF AL- BURDAINI 1025- 1038H.(1616- 1629) . THIS MOSQUE is situated at ad- Dawadiya, not far from the Mosque of al- Malika Safiya. It was founded by Karim ad- Din al- Burdaini in 1025H. (1616). It is built of stone and has two faades. The western comprises the entrance, to the right of which is the minaret built in 1038H. (1629). This mosque was built during the Ottoman period; nevertheless, it retains its Mamluk style, including the minaret which is also of the Mamluk type, rich in decoration and inscriptions. The details of its internal decoration comprise elements of the Circassian Mamluk period, and although the mosque is small in size, yet it is rich in artistic splendour. Its mihrab, lined with beautiful coloured marble, the marble dado and the stucco windows decorated with coloured glass high above the dado, form a perfect harmony. Its wooden ceiling, with its gilded decoration, may be regarded as one of the most beautiful and magnificent of its kind. Its small minbar and wooden balustrade, fitted to the dikka, are of excellent craftsmanship. The Mosque forms a rectangular hall, measuring 10.00 X 6.70 m., with the exception of two recesses, one in the northern side and the second at the back of the mosque. The walls are panelled to the height of three metres at the sides, and to the full height of the qibla wall, with a marble dado of varying colours, high up in which are windows of pierced stucco, decorated with coloured glass. In the centre of the qibla wall is a fine marble mihrab, at the side of which is a wooden minbar, regarded as one of the smallest and finest of its kind, owing to the fact that its geometrical decoration includes panels inlaid with ivory and mother- of- pearl and zarnashan, as well as pieces of celluloid with gold leaf at their back. The minbar was restored in 1307H. (1889/90). Opposite the mihrab is the dikka, supported by a marble column and having a balustrade of turned wood. As to the ceiling, it is divided by joists into geometrical shapes, decorated with beautiful gilded ornament, and surrounded by a band of inscription, containing some Qur'anic verses, the name of the founder, and the date of foundation. Plates 160- 162.