THE MOSQUES OF EGYPT
8.THE MODERN PERIOD .
60- THE MOSQUE OF AL- 'ABBASI (AT ROSETTA) 1224H.(1809) . THIS MOSQUE was built by Muhammad bey at- Tuppuzada in 1224H. (1809). It is situated at the southern end of the City of Rosetta, near the Nile bank. It was named al- 'Abbasi after as- Saiyid Muhammad al- 'Abbasi who is buried in it. It is built of Rosetta brick (mangur) of smaller size than the standard bricks which are used for the construction of mosques and old houses. This brick was used in faades in the form of horizontal courses with pointed joints and timber sleepers at regular intervals. It was also used in forming geometrical patterns to decorate the entrances of mosques and houses. The entrance of the mosque projects slightly from the faade of the mausoleum. It has a blind trefoil arch, with three arched openings, supported by a wooden lintel with two cylindrical pendants hanging from it. Within the entrance recess is the door, with a small window of mashrabiya above. This is a good example of the type of mosque entrance usual in provincial mosques between the 11th and 13th centuries H. (17th - 19th A. D.). The dome, which is on the right side of the entrance, is of the contemporary type. The minaret is octagonal; it has one gallery, on which is built a cylindrical column ending with a cap, similar to other minarets in Rosetta and other cities in Lower Egypt. On entering the mosque one finds the entrance of the mausoleum on the right. It is similar to the mosque entrance, except that it is more richly decorated with brick in the upper part, the lower part of the jambs being decorated with faience. The mausoleum has a two- leaf door, divided geometrically into panels, inlaid with mother- of- pearl and ivory, and inscribed with the name of the craftsman, The door is surmounted with a small window of mashrabiya, and flanked with two similar ones. The interior of the mosque is simple, and merely consists of arcades resting on marble columns supporting a ceiling, which still bears traces of coloured decoration. . Plates 198- 199.