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   Quran /19- MARYAM Mary Revealed at Makkah /


This sûrah is Makkan except for verses 58 and 71. The sûrah starts with letters, as many other sûrahs do. It includes the story of the birth of Yahyâ (John), son of Zakariyyâ (Zachariah). After he had become a very old man and although his wife was barren, Zakariyyâ invoked Allâh to grant him a son. The sûrah then narrates the story of the virgin Maryam (Mary) and her giving birth to `Îsâ (Jesus). Then it tells the story of Ibrâhîm (Abraham), his call to the oneness of Allâh, his request to his father to desert idol worship, and the discussion between them about idols and the dominance of Satan. The sûrah refers to the prophets from the progeny of Ibrâhîm— namely Ismâ`îl (Ishmael), Ishâq (Isaac), and his descendents—then mentions Idrîs. Then Allâh mentions the successors who came after the prophets, both the righteous and the sinful. He mentions that Paradise is the reward for believers and Fire is the punishment for disbelievers. He then shows the status of disbelievers in Hell and refers to the people who went astray by saying that Allâh has begotten a son. Allâh shows the status of the Qur’ân, warns the disbelievers, and gives parables of the destruction of the sinful who did not follow the prophets, pointing out that the disbelievers will be destroyed. In the Name of Allâh, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful

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