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   Quran /16- AN-NAHL The Bees Revealed at Makkah /
 
Introduction

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This sûrah was revealed at Makkah, except for the last three verses, which were revealed at Madînah. The sûrah starts with an assurance of the punishment that will be inflicted on those who associate other deities with Allâh and a statement of Allâh’s ability to carry out His decree, a token of which is the creation of the heavens and the earth. Allâh then mentions His blessings bestowed on all people. These blessings entail the necessity of thanking Him and worshiping Him alone. The sûrah also portrays how those who associate other deities with Allâh received the call to the oneness of Allâh, made false allegations against the glorious Qur’ân, and claimed that it was fables of old. Then Allâh points out the torment of those who associate others with Him on the Day of Resurrection and the bliss of the believers. He mentions the polytheists’ adamant denial of the resurrection. Allâh counters their denial by showing how feeble they are. He confirms His promise to the righteous and His threat to the disbelievers. Then He speaks of resurrection by showing His omnipotence over them and how the whole universe is subjected to Him. He also exposes the polytheists’ fables in believing that their idols possess power when they can do neither harm nor good, and in believing that the female is inferior to the male. Allâh then refers to the previous messengers and mentions some of the lessons to be learned: how He created and formed things of use to man; how He gave different amounts of provisions to the rich and the poor; how He blessed man in creating males and females and their procreating children through marriage. Allâh gives parables of His omnipotence and greatness. He then shows the rules of Islâm pertaining to justice, the maintenance of family relations, and the fulfillment of promises. And again He shows the inimitability of the Qur’ân and the polytheists’ disbelief in it and their false allegations against it. He points out the status of the polytheists on the Day of Resurrection, and how in life they judge things as lawful or prohibited without any evidence. He also says that the Jews who are close to polytheists will be punished in the same way. He bids the believers to be steadfast and patient, righteous and benevolent. In the Name of Allâh, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful

 
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